Does Xanax Cause Constipation? Unraveling the Link and Finding Relief

If you've ever been prescribed Xanax or know someone who has, you might be wondering: does Xanax cause constipation? As a popular medication used to treat anxiety and panic disorders, Xanax is known for its calming effects on the central nervous system. However, it can also lead to some unwanted side effects, including constipation.

In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore the connection between Xanax and constipation, as well as provide helpful tips for preventing and relieving this uncomfortable issue. So, sit back, relax, and let's dive into the world of Xanax-induced constipation.

How Xanax Can Cause Constipation

Before we delve into the link between Xanax and constipation, it's essential to understand how this medication works. Xanax, also known as alprazolam, is a benzodiazepine drug that acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to reduce anxiety and stress. It does this by enhancing the effects of a neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which helps to calm the brain and nerves.

While Xanax is highly effective in reducing anxiety, its impact on the CNS can also affect the activity of the digestive system. Specifically, it can slow down the movement of food and waste through the intestines, leading to constipation. Constipation is defined as having fewer than three bowel movements per week, experiencing difficulty passing stools, or having a sensation of incomplete evacuation.

It's worth noting that constipation is not a universal side effect of Xanax use, and some individuals may not experience this issue at all. However, for those who do, it can be an uncomfortable and distressing problem that may require intervention to find relief.

Preventing and Relieving Xanax-Induced Constipation

If you're struggling with constipation while taking Xanax, don't worry – there are several steps you can take to prevent and alleviate this issue. Implementing some lifestyle changes and, in some cases, using over-the-counter remedies can help get your digestive system back on track. Here are some tips to help you prevent and relieve Xanax-induced constipation:

Drink Plenty of Fluids

Staying hydrated is essential for maintaining regular bowel movements. Water helps to soften stools, making them easier to pass through the intestines. Aim to drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day, or more if you're physically active or live in a hot climate. Additionally, try to limit your intake of caffeine and alcohol, as these substances can be dehydrating and contribute to constipation.

Eat High-Fiber Foods

A diet rich in fiber is crucial for preventing constipation, as fiber adds bulk to stools and helps to move them through the digestive tract. Incorporate a variety of high-fiber foods into your daily meals, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds. Some particularly fiber-rich options include:

  • Raspberries
  • Pears
  • Apples
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Lentils
  • Black beans
  • Almonds
  • Chia seeds
  • Quinoa

Keep in mind that it's essential to increase your fiber intake gradually, as adding too much fiber too quickly can cause gas, bloating, and cramping.

Exercise Regularly

Physical activity is another vital component of maintaining regular bowel movements. Exercise helps to stimulate the muscles in your intestines, improving their ability to move waste through your digestive system. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week, such as brisk walking, swimming, or cycling. You can also try incorporating activities that specifically target the abdominal muscles, such as yoga or Pilates, to help improve your digestion.

Consider Over-the-Counter Remedies

If lifestyle changes aren't providing enough relief from Xanax-induced constipation, you might consider using over-the-counter laxatives or stool softeners. These products can help to stimulate bowel movements or make stools easier to pass. However, it's essential to consult your doctor before using any over-the-counter remedies, as they can sometimes cause side effects or interact with other medications you may be taking.

Other Side Effects of Xanax

While constipation is a common side effect of Xanax use, it's not the only one. Other side effects you may experience while taking this medication include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure
  • Changes in appetite

Most of these side effects are mild and will likely subside as your body adjusts to the medication. However, there are some more serious side effects of Xanax that require immediate medical attention. If you experience any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor right away:

  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Severe mood changes, such as agitation, aggression, or suicidal thoughts
  • Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice)

Using Xanax Safely

As a controlled substance, Xanax has the potential to be addictive and cause withdrawal symptoms if stopped abruptly. To use this medication safely and minimize the risk of side effects, including constipation, keep the following tips in mind:

  • Take Xanax only as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take more than the recommended dose or use the medication for longer than advised.
  • Avoid alcohol and other drugs that can interact with Xanax and increase its effects. Mixing Xanax with other substances can be dangerous and lead to severe side effects or overdose.
  • If you need to stop taking Xanax, consult your doctor about gradually tapering off the medication to minimize the risk of withdrawal symptoms.


In conclusion, there is indeed a connection between Xanax and constipation, as the medication's effects on the central nervous system can slow down the movement of food and waste through the intestines. To prevent and relieve Xanax-induced constipation, focus on staying hydrated, eating a high-fiber diet, and exercising regularly. If necessary, consult your doctor about using over-the-counter remedies to find relief.

Remember, it's essential to use Xanax only as prescribed by your doctor and to reach out for medical advice if you experience constipation or other side effects while taking this medication. By following these guidelines, you can ensure that you're using Xanax safely and effectively, while minimizing the risk of uncomfortable side effects.