When Are Taxes Due? Your Ultimate Guide to Federal and State Tax Deadlines in the US

Navigating the world of taxes can be confusing, but knowing when taxes are due is crucial to avoid penalties and get your refund faster. In this comprehensive guide, we'll break down everything you need to know about federal and state tax deadlines in the United States.


Taxes are an inevitable part of life, and staying informed about deadlines is essential to avoid unnecessary stress and potential penalties. With so many dates and rules to keep track of, it's easy to feel overwhelmed. That's why we've put together this ultimate guide to answer the all-important question: when are taxes due? From federal income tax deadlines to state-specific requirements, we'll cover everything you need to know to stay on top of your tax game.

Federal Income Tax Deadlines

The deadline for filing federal income taxes in the United States is generally April 15th each year. However, there are some exceptions to this rule:

  • If April 15th falls on a weekend or a holiday, the deadline is extended to the next business day. For example, if April 15th is a Saturday, the deadline would be Monday, April 17th.
  • Taxpayers who live or work outside the United States are eligible for an automatic two-month extension to file their federal taxes. This means that if you're an expat or working abroad, your deadline would be June 15th. Keep in mind that you'll still need to pay any taxes owed by the original April 15th deadline to avoid penalties and interest.

State Income Tax Deadlines

In addition to federal income tax deadlines, each state has its own deadlines for filing state income taxes. These deadlines can vary, with some being earlier or later than the federal deadline. It's essential to check with your state tax agency to find out the specific deadline for your state.

Here's a quick overview of some state tax deadlines:

  • California: April 15th (same as federal deadline)
  • Georgia: April 15th (same as federal deadline)
  • Hawaii: April 20th (later than federal deadline)
  • Idaho: April 15th (same as federal deadline)
  • New York: April 15th (same as federal deadline)
  • Virginia: May 1st (later than federal deadline)

Remember, these are just a few examples, and each state has its own deadline. Be sure to consult your state tax agency for the most accurate information.

Requesting an Extension

Sometimes, life gets in the way, and you might find yourself unable to file your taxes by the deadline. In this case, you can request an extension from the IRS by filing Form 4868, which will give you an extra six months to file your taxes. This means that if your original deadline was April 15th, you'd now have until October 15th to file.

It's important to note that while this extension gives you more time to file your taxes, it doesn't extend the deadline for paying any taxes you owe. To avoid penalties and interest, you'll still need to pay your estimated tax liability by the original deadline.

Tips for Filing Taxes and Receiving Refunds

If you're expecting a refund from the IRS, it's a good idea to file your taxes as soon as possible. The sooner you file, the sooner you'll receive your refund. Here are some tips to help you file your taxes quickly and efficiently:

  • Gather all necessary documents, such as W-2s, 1099s, and receipts for deductible expenses, before you start the filing process.
  • Use tax software or work with a tax professional to ensure your return is accurate and complete.
  • Choose direct deposit for your refund to receive it faster than if you opt for a paper check.

Once you've filed your taxes, you can check the status of your refund using the IRS's "Where's My Refund?" tool. This tool is available online and can also be accessed by phone. You'll need your Social Security number, filing status, and the exact amount of your refund to use the tool.


Knowing when taxes are due is essential for staying on top of your financial responsibilities and avoiding penalties and interest. By familiarizing yourself with federal and state tax deadlines, requesting extensions when necessary, and filing your taxes promptly, you'll be well-prepared for tax season. And remember, always consult your state tax agency for the most accurate deadline information and pay any taxes owed on time. Happy filing!