Was vs. Were Grammar: Master the Art of Verb Agreement and Improve Your Writing Skills

Are you tired of constantly second-guessing yourself when it comes to choosing between "was" and "were" in your writing? You're not alone. Many people struggle with this aspect of grammar, but understanding the difference is crucial for clear and effective communication. In this comprehensive guide, we'll dive into the world of verb agreement and help you master the art of using "was" and "were" correctly. So, let's get started!

Understanding the Basics: Singular vs. Plural

Before we can tackle the difference between "was" and "were," it's essential to understand the concept of singular and plural nouns. In English, nouns can be either singular (referring to one person, place, thing, or idea) or plural (referring to more than one).

For example:

  • Singular: cat, dog, house
  • Plural: cats, dogs, houses

Now that we're clear on singular and plural nouns, let's discuss how "was" and "were" come into play. "Was" is the past tense form of the verb "to be" used with singular nouns, while "were" is the past tense form used with plural nouns.

Here are some examples to illustrate this concept:

  • She was at the party last night. (singular subject)
  • They were at the party last night. (plural subject)

It's important to note that "was" and "were" are also used with pronouns. "Was" is used with the singular pronouns "I," "he," "she," and "it," while "were" is used with the plural pronouns "we," "you," and "they."

Exploring the Subjunctive Mood

Now that we've covered the basics, it's time to delve into a slightly more complex aspect of "was" and "were" usage: the subjunctive mood. The subjunctive mood is used to express hypothetical situations, wishes, desires, or suggestions. In these cases, "were" is used even with singular subjects.

For example:

  • If I were a millionaire, I would travel the world.
  • I wish he were here with us right now.

In both of these examples, the subjunctive mood is used because the situations are hypothetical or desired, not actual facts. Notice that "were" is used with the singular subjects "I" and "he."

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Despite the seemingly straightforward rules, many people still make mistakes when using "was" and "were." Let's take a look at some common errors and how to avoid them.

Mistake #1: Using "was" with plural subjects

Incorrect: The dogs was in the yard.
Correct: The dogs were in the yard.

To avoid this mistake, always make sure to double-check your subject-verb agreement. If the subject is plural, use "were."

Mistake #2: Using "were" with singular subjects

Incorrect: She were at the store.
Correct: She was at the store.

Similarly, ensure that you're using "was" with singular subjects to maintain proper subject-verb agreement.

Mistake #3: Forgetting the subjunctive mood

Incorrect: If she was taller, she could reach the top shelf.
Correct: If she were taller, she could reach the top shelf.

Remember to use "were" in the subjunctive mood, even with singular subjects. Keep an eye out for hypothetical situations, wishes, or suggestions.

The Importance of Consistency in Verb Agreement

You might be wondering why it's so important to be consistent with your use of "was" and "were." The answer is simple: clear communication. When your writing is grammatically accurate, it's easier for your readers to understand your intended meaning. Consistency in verb agreement helps ensure that your writing flows smoothly and effectively conveys your message.

In addition, proper grammar usage not only makes your writing clearer but also enhances your credibility as a writer. When your writing is free of grammatical errors, readers are more likely to trust your content and view you as a knowledgeable source.

Practical Exercises to Improve Your Grammar

Now that you have a solid understanding of "was" and "were" usage, it's time to put your skills to the test. Here are some practical exercises to help you practice and improve your grammar:

  1. Fill-in-the-blank exercises: Find or create sentences with blanks where "was" or "were" should be used. Fill in the blanks with the correct word.


  • The cat _____ sitting on the windowsill. (Answer: was)
  • The children _____ playing in the park. (Answer: were)
  1. Error correction: Look for sentences with incorrect "was" and "were" usage and correct them.


  • She were at the concert last night. (Correction: She was at the concert last night.)
  • The books was on the table. (Correction: The books were on the table.)
  1. Rewriting sentences: Rewrite sentences using the subjunctive mood.


  • If he was older, he would have more experience. (Rewrite: If he were older, he would have more experience.)

Regularly practicing these exercises will help you become more confident in your ability to use "was" and "were" correctly.


Mastering the art of verb agreement, particularly when it comes to "was" and "were" usage, is an essential skill for any writer. By understanding the basics of singular and plural nouns, exploring the subjunctive mood, and practicing with exercises, you'll be well on your way to improving your grammar and writing skills. Remember, practice makes perfect, so keep honing your skills and watch your writing flourish!