Are Workers' Comp Settlements Taxable? Unraveling the Tax Implications and Exceptions

Navigating the world of workers' compensation can be a daunting task, especially when it comes to understanding the tax implications of your settlement. In this comprehensive guide, we'll explore whether workers' comp settlements are taxable, delve into the exceptions, and provide valuable tips to ensure you're well-informed on this critical financial matter.


When you've been injured on the job, the last thing you want to worry about is whether your workers' compensation settlement will be taxed. Workers' compensation is designed to provide financial assistance to employees who have been injured or become ill due to their job, and understanding the tax implications of these settlements is crucial to ensure you're not caught off-guard come tax season. In this article, we'll dive into the world of workers' comp settlements and their taxability, unveiling the truth behind this often-misunderstood topic.

Workers' Compensation: A Quick Overview

Before we delve into the tax implications of workers' comp settlements, let's first define what workers' compensation is and its purpose. Workers' compensation is a form of insurance that provides wage replacement and medical benefits to employees who have been injured or become ill as a result of their job. The goal of workers' compensation is to protect both employees and employers by ensuring that injured workers receive the necessary benefits to recover and return to work while also shielding employers from potential lawsuits.

There are several types of benefits available under workers' compensation, including:

  • Medical expenses: Workers' comp covers the cost of all necessary medical treatments related to the work injury or illness, such as doctor visits, surgeries, medications, and physical therapy.

  • Lost wages: If an injured worker is unable to work due to their injury or illness, workers' comp provides a portion of their lost wages, typically around two-thirds of their average weekly wage.

  • Vocational rehabilitation: In cases where an injured worker is unable to return to their previous job, workers' comp may provide vocational rehabilitation services, such as job training and placement assistance, to help them find suitable employment.

Taxability of Workers' Comp Settlements: The General Rule

Now that we have a better understanding of workers' compensation and its benefits, let's dive into the main question at hand: are workers' comp settlements taxable? Generally speaking, workers' compensation benefits are not taxable under federal or state law. This means that the majority of workers' comp settlements, including payments for medical expenses and lost wages, are tax-exempt.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) provides clear guidance on this issue in Publication 525, which states that workers' compensation benefits are not taxable "if they are paid under a workers' compensation act or a statute in the nature of a workers' compensation act." This includes both lump-sum settlements and ongoing payments for workers' comp benefits.

Exceptions to the General Rule

While the general rule is that workers' comp settlements are not taxable, there are some exceptions to this rule. In certain situations, a portion of your workers' compensation settlement may be subject to taxation. These exceptions include:

When a portion of the settlement is designated for lost wages

If your workers' comp settlement includes a specific amount designated for lost wages, this portion of the settlement may be taxable. This is because lost wages are considered a replacement for your regular income, which would have been subject to taxation had you not been injured. However, it's important to note that only the portion of the settlement specifically designated for lost wages is taxable, not the entire settlement amount.

When the recipient also receives Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits

If you receive both workers' compensation benefits and SSDI or SSI benefits, a portion of your workers' comp settlement may be taxable. This is because the combined amount of your workers' comp and SSDI or SSI benefits cannot exceed 80% of your average current earnings before you became disabled. If your combined benefits exceed this limit, the excess amount is considered taxable income.

To determine whether your workers' comp settlement is taxable in this situation, you'll need to calculate the difference between your combined workers' comp and SSDI or SSI benefits and 80% of your average current earnings. If there's a positive difference, that amount is considered taxable income.

When the settlement includes punitive damages or interest

In rare cases, a workers' comp settlement may include punitive damages or interest. Punitive damages are awarded to punish the employer for particularly egregious conduct, while interest may be included in a settlement to compensate the injured worker for the time it took to resolve their claim. Both punitive damages and interest are considered taxable income, even if the rest of the settlement is tax-exempt.

How to Handle Taxable Portions of a Workers' Comp Settlement

If a portion of your workers' comp settlement is taxable, it's important to know how to report this income on your tax return. The taxable portion of your settlement should be reported as "other income" on Form 1040, Line 21. It's also a good idea to include a statement with your tax return, explaining that the reported income is from a workers' compensation settlement and providing a breakdown of the taxable and non-taxable portions.

Given the complexities of workers' comp settlements and their potential tax implications, it's highly recommended that you consult with a tax professional to ensure you're accurately reporting your settlement on your tax return. A tax professional can help you navigate the intricacies of your specific situation and ensure you're in compliance with all applicable tax laws.


In conclusion, while workers' comp settlements are generally not taxable, there are some exceptions to this rule. It's essential to be aware of these exceptions and how they may impact your tax situation. If you're unsure about the taxability of your workers' comp settlement, it's always a good idea to seek professional advice from a tax expert. By staying informed and proactive, you can ensure that you're well-prepared for any tax implications that may arise from your workers' compensation settlement.